Contraceptives are a means to prevent conception or fertilization of the egg by the sperm during sexual intercourse or other means.
You: OMG!! he did not withdraw, we hit it raw, the condom broke, what should I do?
Friend: Take Postinor 2.
This has become a very common statement whenever there is a pregnancy scare with girls and guys. We all know the drug to take but some of us do not know how to take it.
You are not an adult, if you do not know how to be in control of your body. When you understand how your body works, you can enjoy it better.
We will not be talking about the word on the street/myths of ways not to get pregnant like:
- Drink salt water after sex.
- Urinate immediately after sex.
- Douching with coca cola
- Squeezing out the deposited sperm out of the vagina (please, do not ask BWS how this is done. We did not research about this).
However, we will be talking about other methods, tested and used for years and gives you 90 – 99% chances of NOT GETTING PREGNANT. Get yourself a jotter and something chill while we give you a mini lecture on how to use each type to your advantage.
First, you need to know you cycle. Your menstruation days, ovulation, free days etc. Some ladies have irregular cycles, meaning they do not have a constant schedule for their period. This maybe a little harder for them than those with regular cycles.
We get our periods because once a month, the female body prepares to get pregnant. The ovaries produce and releases an egg to be fertilized by the sperm after sex. The uterus transforms into a cozy incubator conducive for a fertilized egg to grow. Ladies get very horny when they are ovulating and if you notice, your body temperature is hotter than normal and your vaginal discharge is a little thicker than usual. Sex is generally HOTTER during this period. Issa Trap!
If the egg released was not fertilized and the uterus did not start incubating a fertilized embryo, the whole set up get broken down and discharged through the vagina. That my fellow BWS is what we call menstruation which could last for 3-5 days some more.
Using the chart above, say you had your period from the 1st -7th of this month, from the last day of your period your uterus thickens expecting an egg. Ovulation happens in just one day but the days before are not advisable to engage if you must have unprotected sex. Your safe window starts after your ovulation until the body shreds out the unfertilized egg and the lining of the uterus leading to another period. The sperm can live inside your body for up to 6 days after sex, so if you ovulate during this time it would result to pregnancy.
1. Barrier method
Very popular, but are you using it? These are used during intercourse and people do not remember to use this at the spur of the moment. It is pretty easy to use but still requires your discipline. Do you know that people still feel shy buying condoms in Nigeria because of the judgement of both the sales person and other customers. When it should be a thing of joy, like “wow this person is going to get laid and is getting protected while doing it” GOOD CITIZEN OF NIGERIA!
Condoms are the most common and easiest to use, compared to the diaphragms, caps and sponges. Diaphragms, caps, sponges and the female condoms are inserted into the vagina before sex. Most contain spermicide, which kills sperm cell as soon as they are discharged into the vagina.
2. Hormonal method
The pill: This could be your everyday pill or your emergency contraceptive/Plan B.
For your everyday pill which may contain progesterone or estrogen or a combination of both. This should be started on day 1-5 of your menstrual cycle (refer to our chart) for it to start working immediately. Your pill should be taken within 3-12 hours of the same time each day and in a case you miss a day, follow the instructions about Missing Pill in the drug information slip. Some may require you take 2 pills for 2 days, use additional protection etc. Start another pack once you are done with one, as they come in sachets of 21-28 tablets so do not wait for a month to end before starting another pack. There are some medical conditions, drugs that interact with your daily pill so always discuss with a doctor or pharmacist. Do not hold back any information that would help them give you your best option.
For your emergency contraceptive, it should be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex. The earlier you take it the better it works. It can either come as a single dose or multiple, always complete your dose. Do not take 2 different brands of emergency contraceptive at the same time because they may counteract each other.
The patch: contains estrogen-progestin and it is placed on the lower abdomen, butt or arms. It is changed once per week for three weeks then removed for one week for menses to occur.
Injections: an injection of progesterone or other substitute is given once every 12 weeks- 18 weeks to prevent ovulation. This may lighten or eliminate menstruation but does not affect fertility after it is stopped.
The ring: is placed in the vagina for three weeks and taken out for one week for menses to occur, just like the patch.
3. Long Acting Contraceptive
Implants: a small rod that releases progestin is inserted under the skin of the upper arm. It prevents ovulation and makes it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg if ever one is released. Giving you a protection that lasts up to 3 years.
Intrauterine device (IUD): is a copper device inserted into the woman’s uterus preventing fertilization and implantation of the embryo in the uterus. It gives a protection of up to 10 years.
4. Other Contraceptive Methods
- Rhythm/counting: is when you manually count your safe days and only have sex during that period. You can use the ovulation chart and create your own calender or download apps online.
- Sterilization/surgery: Tubal Ligation (getting your Fallopian tubes tied for women) Vasectomy (for men) both are methods to permanently prevent pregnancy.
- Abstinence: abstinence from sex is still one of the surest and cheapest way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. If you cannot abstain, then make sure you are protected.
Please note that each of these methods has its own side effects but nothing drastic. Do not get pregnant on purpose to keep a guy. Do not get pregnant if you cannot solely take care of a child.
With that being said, please also remember that contraceptives does not protect you from sexually transmitted disease. A condom is still advisable for people in a relationship where they do not trust their partner or themselves to be monogamous. Safe is Sexy
Love and Light