Hyperemesis Gravidarum is a term that refers to nausea and severe vomiting that doesn’t go away while pregnant. This leads to severe dehydration which doesn’t allow you to keep any food or fluids down. The symptoms begin within the first six weeks of pregnancy but compared to the regular morning sickness in pregnancy this doesn’t go away. It is believed to be caused by high hormone levels in the body during pregnancy.
I have always known, just like everyone else that feeling dizzy and vomiting are tell signs that you may be pregnant. When mine persisted past the first trimester, couldn’t keep food down, hated the smell of food in general and lost a lot of weight I just knew this wasn’t normal had to see a doctor explained Atikah (a first time mother)
Some of the Symptoms of Hyperemesis Gravidarum
- feeling nearly constant nausea
- loss of appetite
- vomiting more than three or four times per day
- becoming dehydrated
- feeling light-headed or dizzy
- losing more than 10 pounds or 5 percent of your body weight due to nausea or vomiting
- salivating a lot
Some factors that could increase your risk of getting Hyperemesis Gravidarum are:
- having a history of hyperemesis gravidarum in your family
- being pregnant with more than one baby
- being overweight
- being a first-time mother
- abnormal growth in the uterus
- low blood pressure
Diagnosing Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Diagnosis is done through laboratory and physical tests. Your doctor would be taking your medical history and may also need to get an ultrasound to rule out other causes of vomiting.
Treatment of Hyperemesis Gravidarum
Treatment depending on the severity. If you can still keep down food at intervals you can try vitamin, B-1, B-6 or ginger. Eating small, more frequent meals and dry foods, such as crackers. Drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
More severe cases of hyperemesis gravidarum may require hospitalization and treatment with the use of anti-emetic medications given intravenously or through suppository, because of high tendency of vomiting.
You may also be fed through tubes that would bypass swallowing. Most times women that suffer from this condition may have to be hospitalized for close monitoring.
Once you aren’t vomiting so much and are able to hold down food and remain hydrated, you may be able to stop treatments. However if it doesn’t stop, it will once you deliver your baby.
There are so many seen and unseen challenges faced by women during pregnancy, and this is to encourage you and let you know that you are never alone, and what you are going through right now is somebody’s story. The support you need is just a message away. Do not be shy to ask for help. You can also read about PPD because every knowledge counts.
Love and Light