Losing a baby can be traumatizing, sadly 10 to 15 in 100 pregnancies end in miscarriage. A miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion, is an event that results in the loss of a fetus before 20 weeks of pregnancy. It typically happens during the first three months of the pregnancy.
Miscarriages can happen for a variety of medical reasons, many of which aren’t within a person’s control. But knowing the risk factors, signs, and causes can help you to better understand the event and get any support or treatment you may need.
Causes of Miscarriage
- Infection Ex Pelvic inflammatory Disease
- Environmental and workplace hazards Ex. Radiation
- Hormonal irregularities. Ex Low estrogen
- Improper implantation of fertilized egg in the uterine lining.
- Maternal age. Ex. Premenopausal women may have a high risk of miscarriage
- Uterine abnormalities. Ex. Fibroid, endometriosis etc.
- Incompetent cervix. When a woman goes into labor earlier than normal
- Lifestyle factors Ex. Smoking, drinking alcohol, using illegal drugs etc.
- Disorders of the immune system Ex. Lupus
- Severe Kidney Disease
- Congenital heart disease
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Thyroid problems
- Some medicines
- Severe malnutrition
There are also other factors that can cause a woman to miscarry not limited to the ones listed above.
Some of the symptoms of a miscarriage
- Heavy spotting
- Bleeding from the vagina
- Mild to severe back pain
- Cramping and pain in your lower tummy
- Discharge of fluid from your vagina
- Discharge of tissue from your vagina
- No longer experiencing the symptoms of pregnancy, such as feeling sick and breast tenderness.
Not all miscarriages can be prevented. However, you can take steps to help maintain a healthy pregnancy. Here are a few recommendations:
- Get regular prenatal care, starting from when you discover you are pregnant
- Avoid alcohol, drugs, and smoking while pregnant
- Maintain a healthy weight before and during pregnancy.
- Avoid infections. Wash your hands thoroughly, and stay away from people who are already sick.
- Limit the amount of caffeine
- Take prenatal vitamins. Ex Folic acid
- Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables.
If you experience any of the symptoms, rush to the hospital immediately because there are instances where it could be stopped.
Do you need a group you can talk about your experience with? Send us a message and we will connect you to a group that understands your experience. Share this with someone that needs more information about miscarriage, this is a reassurance that you did not kill your baby. You are an amazing mom, and you will be given the opportunity to show the world again.
Sending you strength in this period of pain.
Love and Light